Enabling Key Reforms in the Western Balkans: Lessons from the Negotiation Process
Special side-event at the Belgrade Security Forum 2014: presented by Polish Institute for International Relations (PISM), with the support of the International Visegrad Fund
The report – co-authored by twenty experts from the region provided analysis of chapters 23 and 24 within the EU accession agenda – was presented at the Special Side Event: Visegrad Experience for the Western Balkans: NGO Support for Key Reforms.
- Marko Savković‚ Project Coordinator, Belgrade Fund for Political Excellence
- Goce Kocevski‚ Macedonian Young Lawyers Association
- Jovana Marović‚ Researcher, Institute Alternativa
- Tomasz Żornaczuk‚ Thinking for Governance Project Coordinator, Polish Institute for International Affairs (Moderator)
The Report deliberated on how to increase cooperation between governments and civil society focusing in particular on monitoring the EU integration process, human rights protection, the implementation of an effective migration policy, the impartiality of the judiciary, anti-corruption measures and solid civic education. It offers a range of recommendations for governments, civil society, the international community and other subjects.
Many challenges regarding good governance were shared among the region’s governments and CSOs despite varying stages of advancement in their EU accession.
In Serbia, the CSOs are also self-managed when it comes to their inclusion in the process of accession negotiations. There are several initiatives that are currently in its formative period, with a hope that they will eventually lead towards a meaningful discussion with the government. Civil society is vibrant and there are many organizations with sufficient capacities and a considerable amount of experience when it comes to various policies. There are, of course, issues when it comes to monitoring, especially when it comes to monitoring court practice. Access to information and court statistics in Serbia is incomplete or non-existent, which significantly undermines efforts to monitor court practice.
In Montenegro, CSOs are engaged in a structured cooperation process with the government owing to the fact that they participated in the work of negotiation working groups. However, there are numerous problems in regard to the transparency of the process due to the fact that opening benchmarks were not open to the public. At the same time, CSOs representatives who are member of negotiation groups had to sign non-disclosure agreements preventing them from sharing information related to the negotiation process outside of the group’s meetings. This lack of transparency seriously hampers the efforts of civil society in monitoring corruption.
In Macedonia, it is essentially the trade-off that takes place in establishing the judiciary branch that is independent from the executive, yet professional and accountable at the same time. Slovakia has had severe problems with its judicial reform, with judiciary essentially becoming a state within a state that no one could put under control, rampant with corruption scandals and other problems. The same thing is currently happening in Macedonia. Apart from that, what government needs to do in order to include CSOs more effectively in the negotiation process is to stop with the practice of adopting laws in urgent procedures.